Objectives of NF
- Ensuring food security and producing more with less resources.
- For building the resilience of smallholder farmers for creating a food-secure future.
- ZBNF is the right solution to fight climate change and create resilient food systems.
- Fighting drought is one of the main objectives of ZBNF.
- The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN advocates environmentally-friendly farming methods that can take us to a more sustainable future.
- Importance for chemical free food consumption is growing rapidly.
- Chemical farming has made food a poison and also has reduced the yield by making lands barren.
- Farmers’ welfare and sustainable practices are vital for a sustainable and productive economy.
- ZBNF constitutes an effective strategy for achieving SDGs targets.
Features of NF
- It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
- The four wheels of ZBNF are Bijamrita, Jiwamrita, Mulching and Waaphasa.
- Bijamrita is a natural way of seed treatment using local cow urine and cow dung.
- Jiwamrita is made using water, local cow dung, local cow urine, jaggery, dal flour and soil.
- Waaphasa is the aeration in the soil.
- ZBNF is different from organic farming.
- Intercropping is an important feature of ZBNF.
- Practising composting on the farm itself, so that soil organic matter increases.
- Storing water in the farm ponds for use in adverse conditions.
- Insects and pests are managed using neem leaves, neem pulp and green chillies.
- Establishing farmers’ federations and self-help groups, and placing farmers at the forefront of knowledge creation and dissemination.
- Besides reduced input cost, farmers practising ZBNF gets higher yields.
- Elimination of chemical pesticides and promotion of good agronomic practices.
- Promote regenerative agriculture, improve soil biodiversity and productivity.
- Ensure decent livelihoods to smallholder farmers.
- Restore ecosystem health through diverse, multi-layered cropping systems.
- Anyone who is having half an acre of land can start ZBNF.
- Using ZBNF techniques, one can convert even the most infertile land into a fertile one.
- Women’s empowerment and nutrition.
Inputs used in Natural farming
- Ghan Jeevamrut
- Dashaparni Ark
- Sapta Dhanyankur Ark
Constraints in dissemination & adoption of Natural Farming practices
- Natural farming practices are cumbersome & time consuming.
- Need to develop separate market policy.
- Special certification scheme
- Hard efforts required to change the mind set of farmers from conventional to natural farming
- Unavailability of urine & dung of Desi cow.
- Special Govt. scheme required for motivation of farmers.